Writing and character components of lesson 3

Learn Chinese: writing and components

Download the writing grids by clicking here.

Note: when a translation of a character is in brackets, this means that this character cannot be used alone. This does not mean that it has no meaning, just as the roots of words in our Western languages.

: she. It is pronounced like 'he' but the character is different: the radical of the left is the radical of the woman.
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 她
components: women; viper or vase.

xìng : to be called (using surname)
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 姓
components: women; to be born.

jiào : to be called (using first name or last name and first name)
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 叫
components: mouth; two connected ropes.

shén : has no meaning alone. 什么 shénme: what?
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 什
components: human; ten.

me : has no meaning alone. 什么 shénme: what?
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 么
components: private.

míng : (first name)
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 名
components: dusk; mouth.

: writing character
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 字
components: roof; child.

名字 míngzì : first name

shéi : who?
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 谁
components: speech; short-tailed bird.

xiān : first
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 先
components: earth; son.

shēng : to be born
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 生
components: is a graphical component.

先生 xiānsheng : sir. Note that shēng loses its intonation in this word.

xiǎo : be small
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 小
components: is a graphical component.

jiě : older sister
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 姐
components: woman; The right-hand element is not considered as a graphical component.

小姐 xiǎojiě : Miss, young lady. Warning, in western China 小姐 xiǎojiě is a nickname to designate prostitutes. Use with caution!

shì : to be
Strokes order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 是
components: sun; 𤴓 variant of right, straight.

rèn : (recognize)
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 认
components: speech; human.

shí : (know)
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 识
components: speech; mouth; eight.

认识 rènshi : to know, to be acquainted with. Note that shí loses its intonation in this word.

de : structural particle (see the grammar)
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 的
components: sun; spoon.

gāo : to be high, tall
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 高
components: lid; mouth; box.

xìng : (interest, enthusiasm)
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 兴
components: eight. The upper part is not considered as a graphical component.

高兴 gāoxìng : to be happy

míng : (light, clarity, name of the Ming dynasty, 1368 - 1644)
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 明
components: sun; moon.

小明 xiǎomíng : a first name used for the lesson

wáng : a family name / king
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 王
components: is a graphical component.

: a family name / plum
Stroke order:
Image de décomposition du caractère 李
components: wood, tree; child.

Last modified: Thursday, 26 November 2020, 9:57 AM